Prevention

Weed seeds are blown out of a combine during cleaning with an air compressor. Photo: Annie Klodd

At a listening session on herbicide resistance in January 2017, a Pennsylvania grower said “The cheapest way to control Palmer amaranth is to never get it in the first place.” We have heard similar sentiments spoken many times over the years, and for good reason.

Preventing weed infestations is an essential and cost-effective component of an Integrated Weed Management program. Prevention means avoiding the introduction of new weed seeds into a field through carriers like equipment, manure, and seed.

Particularly for herbicide resistant weeds, entry of these new species may cause abrupt, significant, and costly changes to management programs. Therefore, prevention measures that target the potential entry of new weeds to the field are often the most cost-effective way to keep weed pressure down. Even though some weeds are spread by natural means, some primary means of weed introduction are human-caused and preventable: farm equipment, crop seed, livestock feed, and manure.

A pigweed disposal bag given out by Penn State and the Pennsylvania Soybean Board. Photo: Bill Curran

Careful monitoring of potential weed-containing products can go a long way toward preventing new weed infestations. Click the sections below to learn how to prevent weed introduction via equipment, seed and commodities, and livestock feed and manure:

Keep Equipment Weed-Free

 

Ensure Weed-Free Inputs

 

Avoid contaminated livestock feed and manure